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ON BOARD DIAGNOSTICS

ON  BOARD DIAGNOSTICS

  • Imagine driving your car and the vehicle automatically prompts you on how to improve upon your driving, thereby making the fuel efficiency, the emission and overall health of the vehicle, far more efficient.
  • Image, the OBD app tells you which part of the engine is malfunctioning and needs repair.
  • Imagine the OBD serving as a ‘fastag’ and allows you to drive through the toll without stopping
  • Imagine the OBD is now part of your car that allows you to make cashless payments for fuel (Fossil or renewable) wherever you go to refuel or recharge.

On-board diagnostics (OBD) is an electronic system that provides vehicle self-diagnosis and reporting capabilities for repair technicians and car owners, fleet managers. An OBD gives t access to subsystem information for the purpose of performance monitoring and analysing repair needs.

OBD is the standard protocol used across most light-duty vehicles to retrieve vehicle diagnostic information. Information is generated by engine control units (ECUs or engine control modules) within a vehicle. They are the vehicle’s brain.

Why is OBD so important? OBD is an important part of telematics and fleet management, making it possible to measure and manage vehicle health and driving.

Once fitted into a vehicle, the OBD can,

1)  Track wear trends and see what vehicle parts are wearing out faster than other parts.

2)  Instantly diagnose vehicle problems before they occur, supporting proactive rather than reactive management

3)  Measure driving behaviour, speed, idling time and so much more

In a typical passenger vehicle, you can find the OBDII port on the underside of the dashboard on the driver’s side of the car.

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What’s the difference between an OBD and OBDII?

An OBDII is the second generation of an OBD. The OBD was initially externally connected to the console of a car, while the OBDII is now integrated within the vehicle itself. The original OBD was used until OBDII was invented in the early 1990s.

What data can be accessed from the OBDII?

The OBDII provides access to status information and Diagnostic Trouble Codes for:

  • Powertrain (Engine and transmission)
  • Emission Control Systems

Additionally, you can access the following vehicle information via the OBD II:

  •  Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
  •  Calibration Identification Number
  •  Ignition counter
  •  Emissions Control System counters

When a car is taken to a shop for service, a mechanic can connect to the OBD port with a scanning tool, read the trouble codes and identify the problem. This means mechanics can accurately diagnose malfunctions, inspect the vehicle quickly, and fix any malfunctions before they become a major problem.

OBD and telematics

The presence of the OBDII allows telematics devices to silently process information such as engine revolutions, vehicle speed, fault codes, fuel usage and more. The telematics device can then use this information to determine trip start and finish, over revving, speeding, excessive idling, fuel consumption, etc. All this information is uploaded to a software interface and allows fleet managers to monitor vehicle use and performance. With the OBD-II port, a fleet tracking solution can be connected to your vehicle quickly and easily.

In the expanding world of IoT, the OBD port will soon become an important part in understanding vehicle health, safety and sustainability.

Developed by TrackMate, EngineCal and iWire, this OBD will soon prove to be your best friend while you drive. Not only will you be able to trace the location of your vehicle, it will help you reduce the maintenance cost of your vehicle / fleet.



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    Smart time keepers

    SMART TIME KEEPERS

    Gone are the days, when the watch told us nothing, other than the time of day, date, month and year. Today, the watch is much more than a status symbol. Time has evolved, and with the changes in time, so has the time keeper, adding and adapting to new technology, with ease and aplomb. From the pocket, to the wrist, the watch is not just a timekeeper but helps in keeping tabs on anything and everything, you do or need to do, depending upon your selection of settings.

    Smart watches of today, can not only tell you the time, across the world, it can tell you about your heart, your physical activity, your location, your mood and much more. It can be used to receive phone calls, read and reply to text (sms and emails), listen to music, and give you alerts on your need for activity and sunshine.

    Connected with your mobile phones, via Bluetooth, you can do so much more and be so much more efficient. Voice commands help you ensure the right environment at home or in office, give you real-time updates on your locations, trigger alerts based on your body vitals. The smart watch of today, for example, has a heart rate monitor, pedometer, temperature reading, ECG Analysis, sleep monitor, sedentary reminder, social distancing alert, and much more.

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    The built-in user experience makes for comfortable viewing of data. The addition of AI, helps give you alerts based on family history, present lifestyle and present vital readings. Reminders to take your medication, to drink water or simply to get up and take a short walk, all added to give you a more healthy life. If you need more exercise, to help control that blood sugar, or ensure your lipids are under check, or to help you stress out, the smart watch does it all.

    Keeping up with these changes in trends and adapting to technology, iWire and SLS have partnered to bring to you, a smart wearable called VITALZ.

    Data is stored in a secure server with the highest of security built-in, to ensure privacy. Get weekly or monthly historic data, which will help in better prognosis or diagnosis. The VITALZ wearable can be a boon to insurance companies to help ensure the well being of their clients. Children can track the well being of parents living miles away in near real Time, getting a sense of comfort that they are managing well.

    Smart Wearables for payment

    This is not just ‘another’ smart wearable. Apart from the fact that it can keep track of time, it also helps you monitor your body vitals – Blood pressure, Heart Rate, ECG, Oxygen levels, and sunlight intake. In an age of WFH, we hardly go out, thus ensuring less absorption of Vitamin D, so vital to our wellbeing. Use VITALZ to get into contactless, touch less, cashless, queue less, way of life.

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      ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING MACHINES

      ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING MACHINES

      Electric vehicles are the new buzzword. Everyone is talking, post the Covid-19 pandemic, of the need to reduce air pollution through emission from vehicles. Companies and governments, across the world are investing in electric vehicles, which can play a very major role in ensuring the global warming ‘slows down’.

      The best way to reduce urban air pollution is to curb it at its source. Electrified vehicles would eliminate all the emissions from vehicles, since the end use of electricity is 100 percent clean.

      Air pollution is the top five causes of deaths. Clean Air is our birthright. All nations on the planet have signed the Paris Accord in Dec 2015. All nations have pledged to bring down their share of global pollution by substantial margins by 2030.

      The UN Sustainable Development Goal also targets to “Ensure healthy lives and promotes well-being for all at all ages”.

      Electric vehicles as alternate In recent years, the popularity of electric vehicles has increased significantly. The realisation of the environmental benefits of electric vehicles, the demand for electric motor bikes and cars has gone up. Manufacturers have come up with better, improved models that are more energy-efficient and provide excellent performance on road.

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      Electric vehicles don’t require gas. Instead, they run on electrically powered engines and are eco-friendly. As they don’t burn fossil fuels, electric vehicles don’t release harmful carbon emissions. An increase in the number of electric vehicles will go a long way when it comes to improving air-quality in urban places.

      iWire and VerdeMobility a brand of System Level Solutions have partnered to develop the world’s first SIGFOX enabled Electric Vehicle Charging Station. The different variants can be used for personal or commercial purposes, drawing power from the grid or from solar. With a mobile app, that allows the vehicle owner to find the nearest available charging station, may payments based on charge and on-line, this unique machine, is the ‘thing’ every Government, Company with fleets, Mall owners, petrol pumps, need to implement.

      Lets pledge to make our planet a ‘cleaner’ place, not because it is our ONLY HOME, but because we owe it to our future generations.



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        Smart Cities And INDIA

        SMART CITIES AND INDIA

        As the number of urban residents grows, cities face new opportunities… and many more challenges. To prevent environmental deterioration, avoid sanitation problems, mitigate traffic congestion, and thwart urban crime, cities turn to the Internet of Things.

        IoT has the potential to tame the pressure of urbanization, create new experience for city residents, and make day-to-day living more comfortable, connected, fun and secure.

        IoT and Smart Cities

        IoT-enabled smart city use cases span multiple areas: from contributing to a healthier environment (Air Quality Monitors) and improving traffic to enhancing public safety and optimizing street lighting, waste management, and much more.

        Road traffic

        Smart cities ensure that their citizens get from place to place as safely and efficiently as possible. To achieve this, municipalities turn to IoT + AI & ML to implement smart traffic solutions.

        Smart traffic solutions use different types of sensors, as well as fetch GPS data from Smart Cars to determine the number, location and the speed of vehicles.  At the same time, smart traffic lights connected to a cloud management platform allow monitoring green light timings and automatically alter the lights based on current traffic situation to prevent congestion. Additionally, using historical data, smart solutions for traffic management can predict where the traffic could go and take measures to prevent potential congestion.

        Road-surface sensors and closed-circuit television cameras send real-time updates about the traffic flow to a central traffic management platform. The platform analyzes the data and notifies the platform users of congestion and traffic signal malfunctions via user apps. Additionally, the city can also deploy a network of smart controllers to automatically make second-by-second traffic lights adjustments, reacting to changing traffic conditions in real time.

        Smart Parking

        With the help of GPS data from drivers’ smartphones (or road-surface sensors embedded in the ground on parking spots), smart parking solutions determine whether the parking spots are occupied or available and create a real-time parking map. When the closest parking spot becomes free, drivers receive a notification and use the map on their phone to find a parking spot faster and easier instead of blindly driving around.

        Digital Number Plates

        The use of a DNP will allow the vehicle to seamlessly move through tollgates, without having to wait in never ending lines to pay the toll and pass through. This not only saves time, it also saves fuel, as there is no idling time required. The DNP is connected to a parking sensor, EVCM, OBD and so on, making the car a connected car, in the true sense of the word

        Electric Vehicle Charging Machines

        With the renewed focus and interest in ensuring we all breathe in clean air, Governments the world over are focusing on getting more and more electric vehicles. This means a greater demand for easy-to-access electric vehicle chargers. These can be in public places where people need to opt for ‘fast charging’ or in office complexes, Malls, residential apartments, etc where we can opt for ‘slow charging due to the availability of personal time.

        Utilities

        IoT-equipped smart cities allow citizens to save money by giving them more control over their home utilities. Smart utilities include Electricity meters, Water Meters, Piped Gas meters and so on.

        • Smart meters & billing

        With a network of smart meters, municipalities can provide citizens with cost-effective connectivity to utilities companies’ IT systems. Now, smart connected meters can send data directly to a public utility over the Sigfox network, providing it with reliable meter readings. Smart metering allows utilities companies to bill accurately for the amount of water, energy and gas consumed by each household.

        • Revealing consumption patterns

        A network of smart meters enables utility companies to gain greater visibility and see how their customers consume energy and water. With a network of smart meters, utilities companies can monitor demand in real time and redirect resources as necessary or encourage consumers to use less energy or water at times of shortage.

        • Remote monitoring

        IoT smart city solutions can also provide citizens with utility management services. These services allow citizens to use their smart meters to track and control their usage remotely. For instance, a householder can turn off their home central heating using a mobile phone. Additionally, if a problem (e.g., a water leakage) occurs, utilities companies can notify householders and send specialists to fix it.

        Street lighting

        Smart cities make maintenance and control of street lamps more straightforward and cost-effective. Equipping streetlights with sensors and connecting them to a cloud management solution helps to adapt lighting schedule to the lighting zone.

        Smart lighting solutions gather data on illuminance, movement of people and vehicles, and combine it with historical and contextual data (e.g., special events, public transport schedule, time of day and year, etc.) and analyze it to improve the lighting schedule. As a result, a smart lighting solution “tells” a streetlight to dim, brighten, switch on or switch off the lights based on the outer conditions.

        For instance, when pedestrians cross the road, the lights around the crossings can switch to a brighter setting; when a bus is expected to arrive at a bus stop, the streetlights around it can be automatically set brighter than those further away, etc. This can result in a saving to the utility of around 60% of its current costs.

        Waste Management

        Most waste collection operator’s empty containers according to predefined schedules. This is not a very efficient approach. This leads to the unproductive use of waste containers and unnecessary fuel consumption by waste collecting trucks.

        Sigfox-enabled smart city solutions help to optimize waste collecting schedules by tracking waste levels, as well as providing route optimization and operational analytics.

        Each waste container gets a sensor that gathers the data about the level of the waste in a container. Once it is close to a certain threshold, the waste management solution receives a sensor record, processes it, and sends a notification to a truck driver’s mobile app. Thus, the truck driver empties a full container, avoiding emptying half-full ones.

        Environment

        IoT-driven smart city solutions allow tracking parameters critical for a healthy environment in order to maintain them at an optimal level. For example, to monitor water quality, a city can deploy a network of sensors across the water grid and connect them to a cloud management platform. Sensors measure pH level, the amount of dissolved oxygen and dissolved ions. If leakage occurs and the chemical composition of water changes, the cloud platform triggers an output defined by the users. For example, if a Nitrate (NO3-) level exceeds 1 mg/L, a water quality management solution alerts maintenance teams of contamination and automatically creates a case for field workers, who then start fixing the issue.

        Monitoring air quality, using a network of sensors is deployed along busy roads and around plants. Sensors gather data on the amount of CO, nitrogen, and sulfur oxides, while the central cloud platform analyzes and visualizes sensor readings, so that platform users can view the map of air quality and use this data to point out areas where air pollution is critical and work out recommendations for citizens.

        Public Safety

        IoT-driven smart city solutions allow tracking parameters critical for a healthy environment in order to maintain them at an optimal level. For example, to monitor water quality, a city can deploy a network of sensors across the water grid and connect them to a cloud management platform. Sensors measure pH level, the amount of dissolved oxygen and dissolved ions. If leakage occurs and the chemical composition of water changes, the cloud platform triggers an output defined by the users. For example, if a Nitrate (NO3-) level exceeds 1 mg/L, a water quality management solution alerts maintenance teams of contamination and automatically creates a case for field workers, who then start fixing the issue.

        Monitoring air quality, using a network of sensors is deployed along busy roads and around plants. Sensors gather data on the amount of CO, nitrogen, and sulfur oxides, while the central cloud platform analyzes and visualizes sensor readings, so that platform users can view the map of air quality and use this data to point out areas where air pollution is critical and work out recommendations for citizens.

         

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        Agriculture and IOT – SMART FARMS

        Agriculture and IOT – SMART FARMS

        Farming is one of the most important sectors that affect our daily lives.  From the beginning of time, we have felt the need to cultivate various food crops. With the growing population and shrinking land available for farming, farmers now need to adopt new technologies to improve yield. The need to switch to organic has never been felt before. Excessive use of chemicals and fertilizers are not just bad for our health and that of insects like Bees, they also pollute the ground water – so crucial for our survival.

        The recent years has seen a number of technological transformations, ensuring farming becomes more industrialized and technology-driven. By using various smart agriculture gadgets, farmers have gained better control over the process of raising livestock and growing crops, making it more predictable and improving its efficiency.

        iWire’s smarTagri, is your way forward in bringing in IOT to your farms. By using IoT sensors to collect environmental and machine metrics, farmers can make informed decisions, and improve just about every aspect of their work – from livestock to crop farming.

        For example, by using smart agriculture sensors to monitor the state of crops, and the pH of the soil or the nutrients present in the soil, based on geographical factors, farmers can determine the amount of water that is needed or the amount of nutrients to use to reach optimal efficiency.

        In fact, the smart framing market share is set to reach $6.2 billion by 2021, globally. At the same time, the global smart agriculture market size is expected to triple by 2025, reaching $15.3 billion, from slightly over $5 billion in 2016.

        The Benefits of smart farming:

        1. Data collected by smart agriculture sensors,g. weather conditions, soil quality, crop’s growth progress or cattle’s health.
        1. Better control over the internal processes and, hence lower production risks. The ability to foresee the output of your production allows you to plan for better product distribution.
        1. Cost management and waste reduction thanks to the increased control over the production. Being able to see any anomalies in the crop growth or livestock health, you will be able to mitigate the risks of losing your yield.
        2. Increased business efficiency through process automation. By using smart devices, you can automate multiple processes across your production cycle, e.g. irrigation, fertilizing, or pest control.
        3. Enhanced product quality and volumes. Achieve better control over the production process and maintain higher standards of crop quality and growth capacity through automation.

        IoT use cases in agriculture

        1. Monitoring of climate conditions
        2. Greenhouse automation
        3. Crop management
        4. Cattle monitoring and management
        5. Precision farming
        6. Agricultural drones
        7. Predictive analytics for smart farming
        8. End-to-end farm management systems

        What goes into making the perfect IoT system for Agriculture

        1. The hardware: Sensors

        This is one of the most critical aspects. The ability of the device to communicate with the Sigfox Cloud, irrespective of power available. Here, Sigfox enabled devices play a crucial role owing to sensor accuracy and long battery life

        1. The brain

        The core of a smart agriculture solution is Data analytics. iWire’s AI based platforms, enable you to have powerful data analytics capabilities and apply predictive algorithms and machine learning in order to obtain actionable insights based on the collected data.

        1. The mobility

        You should be able to access the data anytime, anywhere. Sigfox cloud based data and iWire’s apps are best suited to give you timely and accurate information allowing you to make real-time, informed decisions.

        1. Connectivity

        You need to have a network on your farm through which data can flow to your web app or mobile app. Sigfox base stations give the best LPWAN coverage with almost nil down-time.

        1. Data security in the agriculture industry

        Your data is your property. The Sigfox system uses some of the most advanced security system in the world, enabling you to rest easy when it comes to security of your data. By a series of in-built security measures, you can rest assured that your data is highly secured.

        To summarize, the future of farming is inter twined to the use of IOT. This covers the complete chain – Farm to Fork. iWire’s devices from farming, to transport monitoring, to warehouse management, to retail store management, covers the entire requirement and the icing is the AI and Machine learning that is brought in, to give you real-time data to help you make informed decisions.