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Smart Cities And INDIA

SMART CITIES AND INDIA

As the number of urban residents grows, cities face new opportunities… and many more challenges. To prevent environmental deterioration, avoid sanitation problems, mitigate traffic congestion, and thwart urban crime, cities turn to the Internet of Things.

IoT has the potential to tame the pressure of urbanization, create new experience for city residents, and make day-to-day living more comfortable, connected, fun and secure.

IoT and Smart Cities

IoT-enabled smart city use cases span multiple areas: from contributing to a healthier environment (Air Quality Monitors) and improving traffic to enhancing public safety and optimizing street lighting, waste management, and much more.

Road traffic

Smart cities ensure that their citizens get from place to place as safely and efficiently as possible. To achieve this, municipalities turn to IoT + AI & ML to implement smart traffic solutions.

Smart traffic solutions use different types of sensors, as well as fetch GPS data from Smart Cars to determine the number, location and the speed of vehicles.  At the same time, smart traffic lights connected to a cloud management platform allow monitoring green light timings and automatically alter the lights based on current traffic situation to prevent congestion. Additionally, using historical data, smart solutions for traffic management can predict where the traffic could go and take measures to prevent potential congestion.

Road-surface sensors and closed-circuit television cameras send real-time updates about the traffic flow to a central traffic management platform. The platform analyzes the data and notifies the platform users of congestion and traffic signal malfunctions via user apps. Additionally, the city can also deploy a network of smart controllers to automatically make second-by-second traffic lights adjustments, reacting to changing traffic conditions in real time.

Smart Parking

With the help of GPS data from drivers’ smartphones (or road-surface sensors embedded in the ground on parking spots), smart parking solutions determine whether the parking spots are occupied or available and create a real-time parking map. When the closest parking spot becomes free, drivers receive a notification and use the map on their phone to find a parking spot faster and easier instead of blindly driving around.

Digital Number Plates

The use of a DNP will allow the vehicle to seamlessly move through tollgates, without having to wait in never ending lines to pay the toll and pass through. This not only saves time, it also saves fuel, as there is no idling time required. The DNP is connected to a parking sensor, EVCM, OBD and so on, making the car a connected car, in the true sense of the word

Electric Vehicle Charging Machines

With the renewed focus and interest in ensuring we all breathe in clean air, Governments the world over are focusing on getting more and more electric vehicles. This means a greater demand for easy-to-access electric vehicle chargers. These can be in public places where people need to opt for ‘fast charging’ or in office complexes, Malls, residential apartments, etc where we can opt for ‘slow charging due to the availability of personal time.

Utilities

IoT-equipped smart cities allow citizens to save money by giving them more control over their home utilities. Smart utilities include Electricity meters, Water Meters, Piped Gas meters and so on.

  • Smart meters & billing

With a network of smart meters, municipalities can provide citizens with cost-effective connectivity to utilities companies’ IT systems. Now, smart connected meters can send data directly to a public utility over the Sigfox network, providing it with reliable meter readings. Smart metering allows utilities companies to bill accurately for the amount of water, energy and gas consumed by each household.

  • Revealing consumption patterns

A network of smart meters enables utility companies to gain greater visibility and see how their customers consume energy and water. With a network of smart meters, utilities companies can monitor demand in real time and redirect resources as necessary or encourage consumers to use less energy or water at times of shortage.

  • Remote monitoring

IoT smart city solutions can also provide citizens with utility management services. These services allow citizens to use their smart meters to track and control their usage remotely. For instance, a householder can turn off their home central heating using a mobile phone. Additionally, if a problem (e.g., a water leakage) occurs, utilities companies can notify householders and send specialists to fix it.

Street lighting

Smart cities make maintenance and control of street lamps more straightforward and cost-effective. Equipping streetlights with sensors and connecting them to a cloud management solution helps to adapt lighting schedule to the lighting zone.

Smart lighting solutions gather data on illuminance, movement of people and vehicles, and combine it with historical and contextual data (e.g., special events, public transport schedule, time of day and year, etc.) and analyze it to improve the lighting schedule. As a result, a smart lighting solution “tells” a streetlight to dim, brighten, switch on or switch off the lights based on the outer conditions.

For instance, when pedestrians cross the road, the lights around the crossings can switch to a brighter setting; when a bus is expected to arrive at a bus stop, the streetlights around it can be automatically set brighter than those further away, etc. This can result in a saving to the utility of around 60% of its current costs.

Waste Management

Most waste collection operator’s empty containers according to predefined schedules. This is not a very efficient approach. This leads to the unproductive use of waste containers and unnecessary fuel consumption by waste collecting trucks.

Sigfox-enabled smart city solutions help to optimize waste collecting schedules by tracking waste levels, as well as providing route optimization and operational analytics.

Each waste container gets a sensor that gathers the data about the level of the waste in a container. Once it is close to a certain threshold, the waste management solution receives a sensor record, processes it, and sends a notification to a truck driver’s mobile app. Thus, the truck driver empties a full container, avoiding emptying half-full ones.

Environment

IoT-driven smart city solutions allow tracking parameters critical for a healthy environment in order to maintain them at an optimal level. For example, to monitor water quality, a city can deploy a network of sensors across the water grid and connect them to a cloud management platform. Sensors measure pH level, the amount of dissolved oxygen and dissolved ions. If leakage occurs and the chemical composition of water changes, the cloud platform triggers an output defined by the users. For example, if a Nitrate (NO3-) level exceeds 1 mg/L, a water quality management solution alerts maintenance teams of contamination and automatically creates a case for field workers, who then start fixing the issue.

Monitoring air quality, using a network of sensors is deployed along busy roads and around plants. Sensors gather data on the amount of CO, nitrogen, and sulfur oxides, while the central cloud platform analyzes and visualizes sensor readings, so that platform users can view the map of air quality and use this data to point out areas where air pollution is critical and work out recommendations for citizens.

Public Safety

IoT-driven smart city solutions allow tracking parameters critical for a healthy environment in order to maintain them at an optimal level. For example, to monitor water quality, a city can deploy a network of sensors across the water grid and connect them to a cloud management platform. Sensors measure pH level, the amount of dissolved oxygen and dissolved ions. If leakage occurs and the chemical composition of water changes, the cloud platform triggers an output defined by the users. For example, if a Nitrate (NO3-) level exceeds 1 mg/L, a water quality management solution alerts maintenance teams of contamination and automatically creates a case for field workers, who then start fixing the issue.

Monitoring air quality, using a network of sensors is deployed along busy roads and around plants. Sensors gather data on the amount of CO, nitrogen, and sulfur oxides, while the central cloud platform analyzes and visualizes sensor readings, so that platform users can view the map of air quality and use this data to point out areas where air pollution is critical and work out recommendations for citizens.

 

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